Possibilities for agricultural development in Lake Chad by Roger Revelle

Cover of: Possibilities for agricultural development in Lake Chad | Roger Revelle

Published by s.n.] in [S.l .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Hydrography -- Chad, Lake,
  • Water resources development -- Chad, Lake

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementRoger Revelle.
SeriesSahel, documents and dissertations -- CD 037.
ContributionsHarvard School of Public Health. Center for Population Studies.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHD1699.C45 R4 1974
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination16, 3 p.
Number of Pages16
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17469621M
LC Control Number87703278
OCLC/WorldCa6747190

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19 Whatever option is chosen for the previous point, if the Lake’s purpose is to be a food production zone, it still needs to be determined what it is best adapted to producing, both from a socio-economic standpoint and in terms of Development of Lake Chad.

Current Situation and Possible Outcomes the best possible use of water : Jacques Lemoalle, Géraud Magrin. 6 Lake Chad is made up of two basins—one in the north and one in the south—that are separated by a shallow mid-section, the “Great Barrier”.

The Chari River is the primary inflow of the southern basin. The rest of the Lake’s water comes from direct rainfall and a number of small tributaries, including the Komadougou Yobe in the northwest and the El Beïd River to the : Jacques Lemoalle, Géraud Magrin.

FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE IN LAKE CHAD BASIN ECOSYSTEMS Since its foundation inthe Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has worked to alleviate poverty and hunger through agricultural development, improved nutrition and food security.

Agriculture began around 10 years ago, when the first farmers and farming. Development in Arid Lands Lessons from Lake Chad. Environment: Science and Policy for Sustainable Development: Vol. 34, No. 6, pp. Cited by: The Lake Chad Basin has for a very long period supported the livelihoods of millions of peoples from the different countries that share this transboundary water resource.

Its shrinking over the decades has meant that many of those who depend on it for livelihoods would have to adjust to the changing resource environment of this lake basin.

This study sets out to examine the seasonal migration Cited by: 4. of livelihoods of the Lake Chad population depend on agriculture, livestock and fisheries President Buhari raised an alarm over the disappearing lake.

A climate change Possibilities for agricultural development in Lake Chad book carried out in the Lake Chad Basin as part of the project illustrates the agricultural and socio-economic challenges facing the region. Surveys covering over 1, villages to provide a picture of agricultural systems revealed that rainfed farming accounted for the bulk of agricultural production in the pilot zone, making.

According to FAO Director of Land and Water Parviz Koohafkan, the Lake Chad basin is one of the most important agricultural heritage sites in the world, providing a lifeline to nearly 30 million.

Lake Chad, French Lac Tchad, freshwater lake located in the Sahelian zone of west-central Africa at the conjunction of Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria, and is situated in an interior basin formerly occupied by a much larger ancient sea that is sometimes called ically, Lake Chad has ranked among the largest lakes in Africa, though its surface area varies greatly by season, as.

Lake Chad sits within the Sahel, a semiarid strip of land dividing the Sahara Desert from the humid savannas of equatorial Chad Basin spans more than million square kilometers, and is bordered by mountain ranges. The water level is largely controlled by the inflow from rivers, notably the Chari River from the south and, seasonally, the Komodugu-Yobe from the northwest.

Introduction The Lake Chad drainage basin (Figure 1) is located between latitude 6° and 24° N and longitude 7° and 24° E. The drainage basin covers an area of 2, km2, an estimated 8% of the total African land surface area (UNEP ).

Lake Chad (French: Lac Tchad) is a historically large, shallow, endorheic lake in Africa, which has varied in size over the ing to the Global Resource Information Database of the United Nations Environment Programme, it shrank by as much as 95% from about tothe lowest was inwith km2, but "the (satellite) image shows significant improvement over.

The Lake Chad basin faces an urgent humanitarian and environmental crisis that needs the engagement of the international community. As nationalist and populist rhetoric rages across the global political landscape, engulfing the United States, France, and the United Kingdom, among others, many nations are actively considering reducing their international engagement.

The crisis afflicting the strife-torn Lake Chad Basin is rooted in decades of neglect, lack of rural development and the impact of climate change, and the only way to ensure a lasting solution is to address these including through investments in sustainable agriculture, FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva, said today.

Lake Chad region was now ‘Ground Zero’ in Africa’s war on terrorism and of the possibilities and challenges for the regional security architecture strategic importance because it serves as the agricultural hub of the sub-region.

Equally, the LCB also constitutes a strategic conduit for national. The predicted changes in climate, especially increased atmospheric CO 2, temperature and precipitation, associated with changes in nitrogen deposition, tropo- and stratospheric ozone levels, UV-B radiation, etc.

can have great impacts on world agricultural production and supply order for agricultural production to be sufficient to meet the demands of the ever-growing human.

"As you may know, we have found crude oil in Gombe State, and we believe that there is a lot of oil to be found in the Lake Chad Basin. We have seen a lot of prospects in the Chad Basin, and we. James A. Roumasset, in Sustainable Economic Development, Behavioral Foundations for Agricultural Development Policy.

For the last half century, the study of agricultural development has been overwhelmingly devoted to the problem of how, in Arthur Mosher’s () parlance, to get agriculture such, agricultural development is best seen as a problem of public economics.

Recently, the development of sustainable agriculture in Chad has progressed. For example, farmers have adopted a sustainable rainwater harvesting technique, called Zaï, to overcome desertification and increase productivity.

Though Zaï is labor intensive, it could help Chad achieve food security and safeguard it against a changing climate.

Lake Chad, once one of the African continent's largest bodies of fresh water, has dramatically decreased in size due to climate change and human demand for water. Once a great lake close in surface area to North America's Lake Erie, Lake Chad is now a ghost of its former self.

According to a study by University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers. Agricultural development projects in Francophonic Africa: contributions.

Book: All Authors / Contributors: Howard James Clinton Elliott; by H.J.C. Elliott. --Wheat cultivation at Lake Chad, by M. Verlet and J. Hauchecorne. --The structure of farming units and the importance of sorghum in the subdivision of Guider. Department of Agricultural Extension Services, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria *Email: [email protected] ABSTRACT The study assessed adopted schools scheme under Lake Chad research institute on the dissemination of improved agricultural technologies in Borno State, Nigeria.

Primary data were mainly used for the study. Lake Chad has always undergone seasonal and inter-annual fluctuations because it is less than 23 feet (7 m) deep. In recent decades, during wet periods the lake expands up. agricultural development (Mundlakchapter 3) binds these issues closely to associated questions of global poverty and food insecurity (Derconchapter 9).

Agricultural development as an analytical topic, with economics as an organizing framework, dates to the rapid emergence of Western Europe from the late 18th century. The Lake Chad Basin (LCB), in West Africa, is surrounded by three countries with shared borders. In the previous years, the Lake Chad Basin was a flourishing area, as a result of the opportunities presented by the lake for livelihood, agriculture, tourism, and access to markets and trade.

Severe drought has since decimated the socioeconomic potential of the Lake Chad Basin, but more. The area around the Chadian part of Lake Chad is administratively covered by the ‘Lake region’ which is one of Chad's 22 regions.

It has aroundinhabitants (INSEED, ) and agriculture is the biggest sector in terms of source of revenue (25%) and rate of active population (41%), followed by fishing, pastoralism and smaller commercial activities ().

Flood recession agriculture is practiced around Lake Chad and in the riverine wetlands. Nomadic herders migrate with their animals into the grasslands of the northern part of the basin for a few weeks during each short rainy season, where they intensively graze the highly nutritious grasses.

Lake Chad is fed by the country’s two main rivers, the Chari and the Logone. It is the largest body of water in the Sahel and a major center of economic activity for the region. However, due to erratic variations in the region’s climate and overexploitation of the rivers that feed it, this shallow lake ( m deep on average) has shrunk to.

Agricultural development extends beyond the physical conditions of farming and into research, technology and political policy.

For example, until some developing nations adopt aggressive funding programs to improve harvesting conditions, agricultural development is limited. There are endowments and foundations, however, that earmark large sums.

The loss of water basing in Lake Chad over the years has continued to impose humanitarian crises and social conflicts in the West African region. opening a book of cooperation to start up. Lake Chad is a large, but shallow endorheic lake located on the African continent, in the Western part of Chad, on the edge of the Sahara desert.

In the ’s it was the fourth largest lake in Africa, but due to inadequate ecological conditions, it has been shrinking for more than half a century, endangering the lives of the local population. Nigeria and Chad are also on the forefront of an international campaign to raise $ 50 billion for the recharging of Lake Chad.

According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Lake Chad is an “ecological catastrophe”, which will lead to even more devastating consequences if. Lake Chad was once the sixth-largest lake in the world, but constant drought since the s has shrunk it to 1/10 its original size.

The Shari River, at the southeast, which provides 90% of Lake Chad's water, now averages only about half of its original 40. Highlighting the multifaceted nature of the crisis in Africa's Lake Chad Basin, the deputy United Nations chief underlined the need for a holistic approach that includes responding to the Boko.

The Director-General said that Lake Chad, which was located in a very dry area, had lost about 90 per cent of its water over the years, thus making farming unattractive in the basin. Chad maintains sizable reserves of crude oil which, alongside agriculture, makes up the largest share of the landlocked former French colony's export revenue.

Producing aroundbarrels of oil a day, most of Chad's crude comes from its reserves in the Doba Basin in southern Chad where oil was discovered in the early s by foreign drillers. There is an estimated one billion barrels of. conditions of the Lake Chad Basin which in turn has led to the drying up of Lake Chad, the encroachment of the desert, the decline of agriculture, livestock and fisheries which now threatens the social and economic well‐being of people living in the basin.

Lake Chad has literally gone from being an oasis in the desert, to being just desert. Spanning the countries of Chad, Nigeria, Niger and Cameroon and bordering the Sahara desert, Lake Chad has contracted by a massive 95% between and Some. Chad’s national development plan (NDP) cost just over $9 billion with a financing gap of $ billion.

The NDP emphasized the importance of private sector participation in Chad’s development, as well as the need to improve the business environment, particularly in priority sectors such as mining and agriculture.

agriculture (especially in staple food production) – external assistance to agriculture dropped from 20% of ODA in the early s to 3% by – stagnant or declining crop yields growth in most developing countries, Africa especially • Agricultural technology innovation and diffusion, particularly to small holders, will be key to.

The rainy season continues throughout the majority of the Sahel, with harvests begun in areas with early maturing crops, according to the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET).

FEWS NET predicts Minimal—Integrated Food Security Phase Classification 1—food insecurity from September through December in the Sahel, with the exception of crop-deficit and conflict-affected.In addition, pressure on natural resources increase threats.

Lake Chad, which is the main source of water for both agriculture and people, has decreased f square kilometers in to 4, in Between andthe population has more than doubled from 17 million to 38 million. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations is working heavily to mitigate ongoing challenges in Lake Chad, creating a response action plan for – which targets Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad.

To assist nearly three million people, the Food and Agriculture Organization is in the process of implementing programs.

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